Types of fever – characteristics, examples
Four types of fever have been described: intermittent, remittent, persistent, and recurrent. Determining the type of fever only sometimes helps to establish a diagnosis. Excessive use of antipyretics masks or distorts the types of fever.
Types of Fever
1. Intermittent fever is characterized by a drop in temperature to a normal level at least once a day. Often this fever follows normal daily temperature fluctuations, being the lowest in the mornings and the highest in the evenings. If the peak of fever is particularly high, then it is a hectic or septic fever. Intermittent fever is characteristic of purulent bacterial infections, but it is often noted in tuberculosis and lymphomas.
2. With remitting fever, temperature fluctuates, but does not return to normal. This is the most common type of fever.
3. Persistent fever is characterized by persistent fever with little or no fluctuation. It is celebrated with typhus and typhoid fever.
4. Returnable type of fever is observed in malaria, sodoku fever and infection caused by Borrelia (recurrent fever). If the period of normal temperature is relatively long (2 weeks or more), then this fever is called Pel – Ebstein fever. It is characteristic of lymphogranulomatosis.