This syndrome is manifested by polyarthritis in combination with dry mucous membranes, nasopharynx, eyes, stomach and respiratory tract. Due to sclerosis of the lacrimal and salivary glands and dryness
Conjunctivitis, keratitis, tracheitis, bronchitis develops in the mucous membranes, which is manifested by burning symptoms in the eyes, light and fear, lack of tears and saliva. Polyarthritis is benign at this volume.
In the translation of the word, this syndrome means “recurrent”, “returning”. The syndrome is described by the American rheumatologist “Hench in 1944
Clinically, palindromic syndrome is characterized by an acute attack of polyarthritis, from several hours to several days, with severe local inflammation, a large swelling of the joint, but without increasing body temperature. Joint symptoms disappear without residual effects. However, after an indefinite period may occur again. The literature has not resolved the question of the relationship of palindromic syndrome with rheumatoid arthritis. It is not excluded that this is either a special form or the initial stage of RA.